Guest Blogger: Justin Head

Colin Kaepernick protestJustin Head is a senior at the University of Central Missouri majoring in Digital Media Production with an emphasis in audio. He is currently taking an interest in Radio Production, Audio for Digital Cinema, and also studio engineering. He enjoys going to concerts with friends, listening to new music, and traveling across the country.

The Kaepernick Effect

Colin Kaepernick has had a very busy year throughout the NFL season last year and also through the media this year. Last NFL Season he decided to take a knee for the for the national anthem which sparked controversy not only throughout the NFL but throughout the entire country.

When asked about not standing for the national anthem, Kaepernick said “I am not going to stand up to show pride in a flag for a country that oppresses black people and people of color. To me, this is bigger than football and it would be selfish on my part to look the other way. There are bodies in the street and people getting paid leave and getting away with murder.” These are strong words coming from Kaepernick and while many applauded him for having the guts to take a knee during the National anthem, others such as the president of the United States despised it.

President trump went at Kaepernick by telling Fox News “I watched Colin Kaepernick, and thought it was terrible, and then it got bigger and bigger and started mushrooming, and frankly the NFL should have suspended him for one game, and he would have never done it again. They could have then suspended him for two games, and they could have suspended him if he did it a third time, for the season, and you would never have had a problem. But I will tell you, you cannot disrespect our country, our flag, our anthem – you cannot do that”.

There were several other football players that publicly supported Kaepernick’s protest like NFL players Michael Bennett from the Seattle Seahawks and Malcolm Jenkins from the Philadelphia Eagles. Kaepernick’s protest started at the end of the last NFL season and Kaepernick decided to depart from the San Francisco 49ers.

Kaepernick took a team to the super bowl and clearly has the talent to be on any NFL roster. Since he was the first to protest, teams do not want to sign him because of the media attention that he will bring, and also owners are telling their staff not to sign him. You can’t find an NFL analyst that says that Kaepernick doesn’t have the talent to be at least an NFL backup on all 32 NFL teams.

 

Many of the who took a knee for the anthem felt as if they wanted to get their messages across they would need a high profile white athlete to support their cause. One of the most popular athletes in the NFL, Aaron Rodgers of the Green Bay packers, stated that “I think he should be on a roster right now. I think because of his protests, he’s not. I don’t understand what it’s like to be in that situation. What it is to be pulled over, or profiled, or any number of issues that have happened, that Kaepernick was referencing – or any of my teammates have talked to me about. … But I know it’s a real thing my black teammates have to deal with”. Aaron Rodgers then went on to say that he will support his teammates who choose not to stand and this was a great step forward in order to create change. As of right now, Kaepernick still remains without a job in the NFL and has filed a collusion case against the NFL.

Do you think we’ll see Colin Kaepernick in the NFL again?

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Guest Blogger: Terrell Burrage

Terrell Burrage is a senior at the University of Central Missouri majoring in Digital Media Production with interests in all fields with an emphasis in audio. He is trying his hand out with other as well like Cinematography, Radio production, and scriptwriting. He enjoys music and culture and also enjoys finding the nuances of modern media. He wishes to own his own multimedia production company one day.

 

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Censorship

 

CENSORSHIP IN FILM MAKING

Art has no limits. It can mean 10 things to 10 different people. Art is subjective. One thing I struggled with growing up is bad words and explicit content being displayed on the screen. Everything from music to film has censorship obligations. I think it is safe to say that censorship exists to moderate between the product and the consumer. The art, whether it’s music or film, has to sit well with the consumer and the family in order to become a “household name”. If we look at the typical family, parents usually feel more comfortable with PG or PG-13. That narrows down the rate of consumption drastically as the lines are becoming more blurred. I say that to say this……..Why does censorship even Do we feel censorship compromises artistic integrity? How does the constitution come into play?

 

HISTORY OF THE CENSORSHIP

In 1915, the Supreme Court decided that film was not art due to the fact they are made to generate profit. So that prevents it from 1st Amendment protection. “In the case of Mutual Film Corporation v. Industrial Commission of Ohio, the judges reached a 9-0 decision that “The exhibition of moving pictures is a business, pure and simple, originated and conducted for profit…not to be regarded, nor intended to be regarded by the Ohio Constitution, we think, as part of the press of the country, or as organs of public opinion” (Durham Saturdayeveningpost.com). Back in the day there was no refuting the stance they were taking on censorship. This lead them to develop the MPPDA (Motion Picture Producers and Distributors of America organization. Now the government can oversee the regulations.

FAST FORWARD to the FUTURE

Now I think it is safe to say that film now has more of a social responsibility. Which is why we can have something like the Show Me Justice Film Festival. My question I would like to know is that can we get rid of censorship when it comes to artistic integrity in the realm of small festivals at least? If there is a message we want to clearly communicate to our audience do we need to dumb down or water down the substance just to make sure we don’t rub some folk the wrong way? Or should we have the freedom to express whatever message however we see fit in order to uphold the effectiveness of the art form? Is there a way to separate mainstream box office legalities on censorship from film festivals since they serve different purpose? Tell us what you think. All thoughts are welcomed here!

 

 

Guest Blogger: Lindsey Adell

Lindsey Adell is a senior at the University of Central Missouri studying Live Studio and Remote Production. She plans to dedicate a year of national volunteer service,  following graduation in December. After her service year, Lindsey would like to continue her education in Kansas City and obtain a master’s degree.

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 When it comes to LGBT and television, we’ve come a long way. I remember as a child I hardly ever saw a gay character on t.v., not to mention, many of those times the representation was less than favorable. Now, the story is different. From Orange Is The New Black to Modern Family, LGBT is finally getting some of the positive recognition it deserves.

Asides from these shows, there is one series that has really stood out to me as being a raw representation of what specifically transgender life can be like. Transparent is an eight time Emmy Award winning Amazon series that highlights the life of a Jewish L.A. family, as the father Mort (played by Jeffrey Tambor) begins her transition to becoming Maura, the woman she always was.

Transparent displays the grueling process of a transgender transformation, as well as giving an insight into the injustice towards people who identify as transgender. Many times in the series, Maura is put in situations where she must interact with close-minded people. These tense and enlightening episodes are what really stand out as showing the raw truth of how cruel the world can be. From a strange checkpoint at the airport, to a doctor that will not put female on her charts, you get an insight into the pain and hurt that transgender people feel every day.

Throughout the series, you also follow the lives of Maura’s children and gain deeper insight into the family as a whole. By touching on the subjects of outside rejection and disappointment, you see the strength it takes to come out as yourself to your family and colleagues. But, there are growing moments in the show where you find yourself invested in the family and each of their struggles. You watch Maura as she finds her way towards self acceptance and expression that will pull on your heart strings, in only the best way possible.

And it’s not just transgender life that this show touches on. Each member of the family has a backstory, filled with real world sexual situations that they have to work through to find themselves. One daughter explores her sexuality and her future, as a son tries to piece together a sexual situation from his childhood that left him feeling broken. This show has truly been beneficial to me, because it has given me a better understanding of the LGBT community, and what I can do to make each person feel safe and loved the way that they are.

So, if you haven’t seen the show, I recommend you go watch it. You’ll be blow away by how much you thought you knew, and how much you still have to learn. Also, we all know you have amazon prime so there is no real excuse there. At the end of each season I watch, I like to ask myself what I’m doing to help, not only the transgender community, but the LGBT community in general. Have I offered support when needed? Am I supportive at all times or do I maybe turn a blind eye when someone is being intolerant? Am I living what I’m preaching? These question are something that all of us could have trouble answering. So go out, watch the show, and learn something new and enlightening about others, as well as yourself.

 

Guest Blogger: Brock Masters

Brock Masters is a senior at the University of Central Missouri that is studying Digital Media Proudction and Marketing. He works for KMOS-TV and the University of Central Missouri Alumni Foundation. He has made a number of short films throughout his career. He also maintains his own blog that covers the reality TV shows Survivor and Big Brother.

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Recently, I made a trip up to Kansas City to do some shooting on a documentary that I am making. The documentary is about two twelve year old boxers that are also twin brothers. I went up to the gym they train at to get some footage of them and there were definitely some challenges that I faced when shooting. Some problems were easily fixed. Others, not so much.

First off, the gym they train in was very small. It is kept in the basement of a community center that is very old. To get an idea of how old this place was, one of the rings there had been there since 1917. Anyways, the rings were just barely able to fit in the rooms they were held. This really limited what I could do as far as camera movement goes. To actually move the camera around the ring, I had to take it into the ring first, put it on the other side of the ring and then do the same with the tripod. It was hard to get some shots, but the way I worked around this was by recruiting a crew.

A crew is a very important part of the film making process. Whenever you can, I highly recommend getting a few extra hands to help out. My crew was able to help making moving all the gear pretty easily and it didn’t take as long as it would’ve if I would’ve been by myself.  I also had one of my crew members man a second camera on a handheld rig. This gave them the freedom to get shots that I couldn’t because it just would’ve been a process to move everything around.

The other big thing that probably will create problems in post production was the lighting in the gym. There were many different types of lights in the gym so it was hard to really nail down a color temperature. I ended up setting the White Balance at around 5000K and the footage looks alright right now. Because the cameras we used shoot so desaturated though, there is going to be heavy color correction going on. The challenge is going to be getting it to match the handheld cameras colors. The camera I shot on was the Black Magic Production Camera and the other was a DSLR camera. DSLR’s shoot color pretty much to a T so that is what I am going to try to match up.

Keeping the brothers in focus when they were sparring was also a little difficult just because they were moving so fast. I constantly had to ride the focus to try and keep them from being blurry. If I could’ve done it again, I would’ve changed some of my camera settings such as the aperture to give me room to work with.

All and all the footage turned out really well and I am excited to get to editing on it. What problems have you encountered on shoots?

Guest Blogger – Ayesha Meriwether

Ayesha Meriwether a senior at the University of Central Missouri who study’s Digital Media Production. Ayesha’s hobbit consist of: working sports broadcast for her University’s football, volleyball and soccer games. She enjoys helping others as well as experiences a positive attitude. After college Ayesha plans on landing a job in sports broadcasting or working for a marketing company.

 

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Heterosexual privilege is when something takes for granted the privilege they have US. What is heterosexual? A person who is heterosexual is emotional, physically and sexual attracted to the opposite sex. Have you ever consider what privilege heterosexual have over lesbians, bisexual, gay and transgender. An example of a heterosexual privilege is they can show their sexual attraction without being judged or being ashamed. This blog will point key privilege heterosexual, show why they should appreciate it, and help heterosexual gain a better understand of LGBT challenges.

In the article 30+ Examples of Heterosexual Privilege in the US by Sam Killermann (DATE) 5 key examples of the privileges heterosexual have are:

  1. Immediate access to your loved one in case of accident or emergency.
  2. Expressing affection in most social situations and not expecting hostile or violent reactions from others.
  3. The ability to teach about lesbians, gay men, and bisexuals without being seen as having a bias because of your sexuality or forcing a “homosexual agenda” on students.
  4. The ability to play a professional sport and not worry that your athletic ability will be overshadowed by your sexuality and the fact that you share a locker room with the same gender.
  5. Not risking a chance of being fired from job.

These five privileges are just a few out of many more. There obstacle homosexuals have go through in order to see loved ones if an emergency. They are asked question to prove they are here for the loved one. This could become annoying to a homosexual because they are stressed wondering if there lover one is okay.  In today’s society we don’t see people who identify LGBT community express their affection for their partner. Most times they are afraid of consequences they could face and what others will think. Heterosexual have the free will to express their affection for their partner. People rarely see lesbian’s bisexual gay and transgender kissing in public.   

Sometime heterosexuals are focus on their own life they fail to realized what advantages they have .It important heterosexuals are aware of the privilege have so they can appreciate them. The goal is to give those same privileges to homosexuals. Why should homosexuals be hinder, judge and not treated unequally.  

Teaching about LGBT topics or even talking about them can make people ASSUME that you are providing the way it should be or an agenda, when the LGBT person may simply be explaining something.

What about being a gay man who is an athlete, how often are they thought to be “looking” at all of the guys in the shower?  Why can’t the heterosexual person simply think that the gay athlete is showering and not ogling the other mens bodies.

Can LGBT people put pictures of their loved ones on their desk without worry that they will be harassed, just as the straight people can?

 

 

Read more at:

http://itspronouncedmetrosexual.com/2012/01/29-examples-of-heterosexual-privilege/#sthash.0TPw2ulP.dpbs

Guest Blogger – Sophia Howard

Sophia Howard is a graduate student and research assistant at Virginia State University. She will be graduating in May with a Master’s in Clinical Psychology. She graduated from the University of Missouri – Columbia with a B.A. in Psychology and English. She plans to pursue a Ph.D. in School Psychology and become a licensed psychologist to positively impact the lives of socioeconomically disadvantaged and ethnic minority children and adolescents.

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The Lack of Ethnically Diverse Teachers in an Ethnically Diverse America

In America, most ethnic minority children are taught by a teacher that is racially and culturally different from them. The majority of teachers in America are Caucasian females. This is problematic, as studies have shown that Caucasian teachers consistently have more conflict with ethnic minority students, particularly African American males.

The higher rates of conflictual relationships between Caucasian teachers and ethnic minority students has academic and interpersonal consequences. Students who have conflictual relationships with teachers are more likely to have conflictual relationships with future teachers. Additionally, preschoolers with conflictual relationships with their teachers with are more likely to have slower literacy gains and negative views of academic self-competence.

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In some cases, negative relationships and interactions between Caucasian teachers and ethnic minority students are attributed to implicit racial biases and attitudes teachers may possess. Research has shown that in some instances, Caucasian teachers interact differently with Caucasian students than ethnic minority students. Furthermore, Caucasian teachers perceive relationships with their African American students to be the most conflictual compared to students of other ethnicities, suggesting that race impacts how the teacher forms and perceives the relationship quality.

 

Studies have conversely shown African American teachers have more positive relationships and higher expectations of African American students compared to Caucasian teachers. Additionally, an African American preschooler is more likely to demonstrate better adjustment in a classroom with an African American teacher.

 

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What Can We Do?

America is diverse in every way. It is necessary for the classrooms in America to mirror the melting pot America truly is. Ethnic minority teachers are needed in these ethnically diverse classrooms of students. The implicit biases about race some teachers possess are detrimental to ethnic minority childrens’ academic achievement and social-emotional development. It’s time a shift is made and we encourage diversity in these diverse classrooms.

 

References

 

https://aacte.org/news-room/aacte-in-the-news/347-student-diversity-is-up-but-teachers-are-mostly-white

http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/sode.12114/full

http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/1467-8624.00301/full

 

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0885200616300254

Guest Blogger – Andrew Popp

Andrew Popp is a senior at the University of Central Missouri, and is a Digital Media Production major with an emphasis in Live Studio and Remote Production. He plans to graduate in May 2018 and wants to have a career after college in the Sports Production field. His dream job would be working for a professional sport team or sports television channel like Fox Sports or NBC.

 

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USA Women’s Soccer Fight for Equal Pay

This past year the USA women’s national soccer team filed a lawsuit against the US Soccer Federation demanding they are paid the same as the US men’s national team. Statistics and facts show that even top women players in the US are paid between 28% and 62% less than men, depending on the kind of match (money.cnn.com). Most of this story caught fire during the summer of 2016. The USWNT has been in every World Cup through 2015 and won a medal in each. Also, they have been in every Olympic tournament through 2016 and have won a medal in each except this past year. But they have won and brought home the gold in four out of the last six Olympic Games.

Image result for uswnt

 

After laying out those quick facts you would think they would be paid more than the men. And when you look at the USMNT’s tournament track record it is not even close in comparison. Having only made it to the semi-finals in the World Cup once in their history the USWNT have more than enough proof to back up their fight. People have different arguments against the women’s national team’s fight, but, the facts speak for them self. The USWNT are the #1 rank women’s soccer team in the world, and have been for a while. The USMNT currently rank 28th in the world.

Image result for usmnt loss

 

Today, they are still keeping up the fight and have gotten the agreement with the US Soccer Federation they were looking for. In April, both sides agreed to a new deal that will last through the 2021 season. “I am incredibly proud of this team and the commitment we have shown through this entire process,” said U.S. midfielder Megan Rapinoe in a joint statement released by the two sides. “While I think there is still much progress to be made for us and for women more broadly, I think the WNTPA should be very proud of this deal and feel empowered moving forward.”

The new CBA includes: A commitment from U.S. Soccer to pay the NWSL salaries for allocated players; a return commitment by the players to compete in the NWSL; a requirement for the improvement of NWSL standards; and the ability of the WNTPA to control group likeness rights for licensing and non-exclusive rights in sponsorship categories where U.S. Soccer does not have a sponsor (si.com).

The new CBA also provides: A significant increase in direct compensation and bonus compensation; enhanced “lifestyle” benefits for the players with respect to travel and hotels; per diems that are equal to those of the men’s team; and greater financial support for players who are pregnant and players adopting a child (si.com).

References:

http://money.cnn.com/2016/03/31/news/companies/womens-soccer-equal-pay/index.html

https://www.si.com/planet-futbol/2017/04/05/uswnt-us-soccer-women-cba-labor-talks-agreement

Guest Blogger – Andrew Popp

Andrew Popp is a senior at the University of Central Missouri, and is a Digital Media Production major with an emphasis in Live Studio and Remote Production. He plans to graduate in May 2018 and wants to have a career after college in the Sports Production field. His dream job would be working for a professional sport team or sports television channel like Fox Sports or NBC.

 

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NFL Start to Understand and Support

Image result for malcolm jenkins protesting

RT.com

Today, the NFL headlines focus more on Colin Kaepernick and players protesting during the national anthem than they do about the actual game itself. Not until recently has the NFL seemed open to the idea of supporting the protesting before games. This past week NFL commissioner Roger Goodell and Philadelphia Eagles owner Jeffery Lurie joined several players to learn more about the Philadelphia criminal justice system. This is the first time the commissioner or an NFL owner has done anything about the recent protests during games, besides making comments in interviews.

Image result for roger goodell protests

USA Today

Goodell made news in August for answering a question about the protests during the national anthem. When asked the question he responded “It’s one of those things where I think we have to understand that there are people that have different viewpoints,” Goodell said. “The national anthem is a special moment to me. It’s a point of pride. But we also have to understand the other side, that people do have rights and we want to respect those (USA Today).” Players did not agree with Goodell’s answer and wanted more action and not just words. This recent appearance by Goodell and Lurie in Philadelphia was a good step for those players who are seeking more action support in the protests.

Image result for nfl players send memo

NY Daily News

Players Look for Assistance

Former and present players this week have sent Goodell a ten page memo seeking his support for their social justice campaign across the NFL. The 10-page memo, obtained by Yahoo Sports, was sent to Goodell and executive vice president of football operations Troy Vincent in August, requesting wide-ranging involvement in their movement from the NFL. The memo seeks an investment of time and education, political involvement, finances and other commitments from the league. It also sought to have the NFL endorse the month of November as an activism awareness month, similar to the periods of league calendar dedicated to breast cancer awareness and military recognition (Yahoo Sports). The NFL or Goodell has yet to comment on the documents sent to them. But, with the recent participation from Goodell in Philadelphia, it has many fans, players, and reporters optimistic for the NFL’s participation in the protesting of players.

For many players the fight is not over. As weeks go by, more and more players are starting to raise a fist, sit on the bench, take a knee, or simply place a hand on a players shoulders. But, they still have not gotten the support from the NFL itself. Fans are starting to voice support in what the players are standing up for, and most importantly, the commissioner Roger Goodell might be as well.

What do you think? Is the NFL starting to pay attention to the players?

 

References:

https://www.usatoday.com/story/sports/nfl/2017/08/14/goodell-have-to-understand-other-side-in-anthem-protests/104607282/

https://sports.yahoo.com/memo-nfl-players-ask-roger-goodell-support-racial-equality-campaign-031110505.html

Guest Blogger – Alex Hutcherson

Alexander Hutcherson is a graduate student at the University of Central Missouri in the Mass Communication department. He completed his undergraduate work May of 2016 with a Bachelor of Science in Digital Media Production with an emphasis in Film. His dream job is to work as a content creator at Blizzard Entertainment in their marketing department and then hopes to one day complete his Ph.D. and become a college professor.

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Gender Inequality in Film

Despite the success of several female actresses there is a large difference in equality between men and women in the film industry. In a 2014 study by the New York Film Academy it was found that only thirty percent of speaking characters are women while nearly twenty percent more women are shown wearing sexually revealing clothes or partially naked on screen when compared to men (NYFA, 2014). New York Film Academy found that there is an even larger difference when looking at the ratio of men to women working on the film (as crew, writers, producers, directors) at a five to one ratio (NYFA, 2014). In 2013, the top ten highest paid actresses made less than half of what the top ten highest paid actors made (NYFA, 2014). The average age of an actor is forty-six while the average age of a female actress is thirty-four (NYFA, 2014).

women in flim

image credit: https://www.nyfa.edu/

While these statistics are a few years old, there is no doubt that there is a gender bias in the film industry. Hollywood began as a straight, white, male dominated industry and it has remained that way since. Not only are women underrepresented in film they are also sexualized. Women cannot be as old and must be more willing to show nudity on screen than men. Under-representation is only part of the story with the pay difference be enormous. Emma Stone, the highest paid actress for 2017, played a lead role in the successful 2016 film La La Land.

Unfortunately the highest paid actor of 2017, Mark Wahlberg, has made triple what Emma Stone made this year. The difference in pay is absurd and the stereotyping of women in film should be a thing of the past. Furthermore, when considering the awards that females are nominated for it becomes even more apparent that there is a gender bias. From 1975 to 2014 four female directors have been nominated (NYFA, 2014). It is mind blowing to think that after forty years of academy awards only four nominations for director were female. Considering all the advances the United States has made towards equality one would think there would be less of an inequality in film.

wonder woman

image credit: http://www.imdb.com/

Recent Success

There is still hope. Wonder Woman was released earlier this summer on June 2, 2017. With a leading female role played by Gal Gadot Wonder Woman earned an enormous $800,000,000 worldwide. If films with a lead female role such as Wonder Woman and La La Land continue to see success then hopefully the gender gap will shrink. Unfortunately it is unlikely to happen quickly and even if there are more leading female roles in the near future women face overwhelming stereotypes. The amount of nudity, age, and income difference between men and women are all stereotypes that must change before women will be considered equals within film. This is a strong parallel for reality. Women in America are still underrepresented. They face the same problems that actress face. Hopefully the world changes for the better sooner rather than later.

Reference

https://www.nyfa.edu/

Guest Blogger – Michelle Castelli

 

Michelle Castelli is a first-year Graduate student at the University of Central Missouri pursuing a master’s degree in Mass Communication while she received her Bachelor of Fine Arts in Graphic Design. She hopes to graduate in May 2018, move back to Saint Louis, Missouri, and continue to follow her passion for design, public relations, and advertising.

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Budget Cuts on Campus

There have been a lot of discussions in the last few months about the ongoing budget cuts for higher education – colleges, universities, and community colleges for the current academic school year as we speak. This dilemma has been an ongoing discussion among faculty and staff to help develop new plans on how to have a smooth and pleasant school year, but problems can still arise when the budget cuts occur.

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“The New School Year Brings Major Education Budget Cuts to Districts” – http://www.policyinsider.org/2013/09/the-new-school-year-brings-major-education-budget-cuts-to-districts.html 

According to Rosenbaum (2017), “the state didn’t get as much revenue as expected, prompting the Republican governor to cut $68 million in core fundings… for the current budget year” (para. 2). These budget cuts have increased tuition, provided fewer jobs to faculty, staff, and students, less access to an education, and some resources for students have been removed as well. There are over 24 different states that have experienced the same problem. With the rise of this ongoing problem, some tough decisions are being made which can be an adverse outcome on some.

Many students on campus want to start organizations or work to afford school, but cannot because of the budget cuts. For example, I came across the issue of not having a job when school started. When I was looking for a job on campus, I knew that the benefits of working on campus would be easier. Working on campus would provide an easier way to commute to work, attend classes, getting school work completed, and more experience within my field. However, there were not a lot of openings on campus because of the budget cuts compared to previous years. Luckily, I was able to find a job, but still, I had more of a challenge of finding one in this particular instance because there was this issue of budget cuts on higher education.

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“Why a focus on higher education and research?” – http://www.akadanetwork.org/category/higher-education/

The bottom line of this matter is simple. Taking away opportunities from students, faculty and staff in higher education can be a challenge to someone’s future whether you realize it or not. Sometimes decisions are made based on what is better for the economy in the long run, but it’s better to think about what is beneficial for all individuals. Taking away opportunities and making it harder for students to afford an education isn’t going to make a difference. Not everyone can afford school as it is and making the task more difficult is only more detrimental to someone and their future.

What are your thoughts on the matter? Do you think these budget cuts are a helpful thing for the world’s future economy or is it just slowing us down?

References

http://www.npr.org/2017/03/03/517073825/as-state-budget-revenues-fall-short-higher-education-faces-a-squeeze